The Biggest Airliner of the World “AIRBUS A380” and Its General Features
Humanity has always wondered flying. While these devices have been designed by gaining inspiration from the nature it has been identified that birds have perfect physical appearances in order to fly. The primitive flight tests of humanity begin with the first heavy-duty engine flight performed by the Wright brothers in 1903. And it ends with the gigantic A380 airliner.
Airbus A380,which is today produced by Airbus S.A.S. (EADS) within the framework of mass production, is a luxurious and the biggest double deck wide body airlinerof the world with 850 passenger capacity.
A380 is the new flagship of the Airbus Company and creates a new class in wide body airliner sector with its minimum 853 passenger capacity. In emergence, development and production phases of the project it was released under Airbus A3XX code.
The upper deck of A380 is different from other wide body airliners in that it extends along the fuselage. Thanks to this feature, it offers a wider (49%) cabin area when compared to Boeing 747 which is its rival and another wide body airliners. Again thanks to this, it has a 525 passenger capacity in standard configuration and its capacity can be increased to 853 passengers in case that the whole is arranged as economy class.
Airbus A380 General Features:
Aircraft Type: Wide body, double deck jet airliner
First Flight:27 April 2005
Date of Service: 25 October 2007–Singapore Airlines
Main User: Emirates Airlines
Unit Cost: 389.9 million $ (yak. 300 million € or 252 million £)
Airbus A380 Features
♦ A380 consumes 20% less fuel per seat when compared to its closest rival.
♦ This is the most important development in the last forty years in terms of fuel consumption and emission reduction.
♦ This means less fuel consumption and less CO2 emission. A380 produces less than 75g CO2 per km for each passenger. This amount is almost half of the European emission level targeted for automobiles produced after 2008.
♦ A380 uses various lightweight materials in 25% of its structure.
♦ A380 offers 30% better fuel efficiency.
♦ Wider airliner means less takeoff and landing (this equals to flight with seven airliners for some versions of A380 in terms of passengers).
♦ Again thanks to this, it has a 525 passenger capacity in standard configuration and its capacity can be increased to 853 passengers in case that the whole is arranged as economy class.
♦ The upper deck of A380 is different from other wide body airliners in that it extends along the fuselage. Thanks to this feature, it offers a 49% wider cabin area when compared to other airliners.
Now, only the A380 standard model A380-800 (former production code A3XX-100) has been launched to the market by Airbus as A380F, both passenger and cargo aircraft.
However, the production of A380F cargo model has been stopped for an indefinite period of time. According to the statement of the company, it has been projected to follow the models below differently according to A380-800 standard.
A380-700 (former production code: A3XX-50R „Extended Range“): abbreviated model: 67,9 m length, 481 passengers, 4 doors less, extended range approximately 16.200 km – Boeing B 747-8I type is the biggest rival of this model.
A380-800ER (former production code: A3XX-100R): „Extended Range“, decreased load capacity, more powerful jet motors, extended range approximately 16.200 km
A380-900 (former production code: A3XX-200): extended model 79,4 m length, more reinforced fuselage, more powerful jet motors, 2 doors more, maximum 960 passengers (single class), 656 (3 classes), maximum takeoff weight 590 tones, extended range approximately 14.200 km
The first digit, the second digit and the third digit of the numbers of model codes (-700, -800, -900) will respectively indicate a model number under A380 class, jet motor producing company and jet motor type of jet motor producing company.
The official code of Rolls-Royce branded A380s is A380-841 and Engine-Alliance jet motor is A380-861 and A380-863F is cargo model.